Migraine medication consists of preventional medication as well as symptomatic treatment. As it is not always possible to avoid triggers, and as new triggers can constantly come into being, symptomatic treatment is often the most helpful form of medication for migraine patients.
The headache medication consists of several possible forms of analgesics. These are meant to make the migraine attack more sustainable for the patient and enable him to get the rest he needs for recovery. Even if the headaches do happen to decrease totally, analgesics are not intended to regenerate a patient’s working ability. Paracetamol is considered one of the first forms of medication prescribed to treat migraine headaches, often in combination with metaclopramide. Other medication can be taken with caffeine to increase its absorbance by the body: During a migraine attack metabolism is generally slowed, which impairs the body’s absorption of active agents such as paracetamol.
If nausea happens to occur, triptans are the best form of symptomatic medication. They improve both pain and nausea in up to 75% of people and have proved highly effective in migraine treatment. A common triptan product for migraine medication is sumatriptan. If flushes or myocardial problems occur due to use of triptans, other antiemetics are used to treat the nausea and vomiting.
When treated under constant observation of a doctor, steroids have proven helpful in preventing recurring headaches once gone. In the following 72 hours after a migraine attack, steroids manage a 26% decrease in further headaches. However steroids are hardly ever used in common migraine treatment and are normally considered only then when patients suffer from severe migraines.
Symptomatic treatment is more successful if taken early during an attack. Even if the headache has not yet occurred, paracetamol or other analgesics prove effective if taken once the first symptoms of an aura occur. They can then prevent the headache from coming into being, or at least decrease the pain as soon as the headache phase commences. Preventive medication ought to be taken according to the doctor’s instructions. It is commonly prescribed only consequent upon recurring attacks or severe exacerbations. Depending on triggers, physical constitution, age, and severity of migraines, preventive medication is prescribed individually for each migraine patient.
In case the prescribed medication happens to be useless, migraine patients ought to consult the doctor. A plain new adjustment of the dose, or a new form of medication may be the solution. However if the symptoms happen to worsen despite medication, further examinations ought to be carried out. The condition may have worsened, which could be a symptom of new illnesses or altered physical circumstances such as pregnancy. If the latter case happens to verify, pregnant women must consult the doctor before trying new migraine medication, even if it is a nonprescription medication, or else they may harm the unborn child.